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ipc.c

/*
 * vim:ts=8:expandtab
 *
 * i3 - an improved dynamic tiling window manager
 *
 * © 2009 Michael Stapelberg and contributors
 *
 * See file LICENSE for license information.
 *
 * ipc.c: Everything about the UNIX domain sockets for IPC
 *
 */
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/un.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <err.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <ev.h>

#include "queue.h"
#include "i3/ipc.h"
#include "i3.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "commands.h"

typedef struct ipc_client {
        int fd;

        TAILQ_ENTRY(ipc_client) clients;
} ipc_client;

TAILQ_HEAD(ipc_client_head, ipc_client) all_clients = TAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(all_clients);

/*
 * Puts the given socket file descriptor into non-blocking mode or dies if
 * setting O_NONBLOCK failed. Non-blocking sockets are a good idea for our
 * IPC model because we should by no means block the window manager.
 *
 */
static void set_nonblock(int sockfd) {
        int flags = fcntl(sockfd, F_GETFL, 0);
        flags |= O_NONBLOCK;
        if (fcntl(sockfd, F_SETFL, flags) < 0)
                err(-1, "Could not set O_NONBLOCK");
}

#if 0
void broadcast(EV_P_ struct ev_timer *t, int revents) {
        ipc_client *current;
        TAILQ_FOREACH(current, &all_clients, clients) {
                write(current->fd, "hi there!\n", strlen("hi there!\n"));
        }
}
#endif

/*
 * Decides what to do with the received message.
 *
 * message is the raw packet, as received from the UNIX domain socket. size
 * is the remaining size of bytes for this packet.
 *
 * message_size is the size of the message as the sender specified it.
 * message_type is the type of the message as the sender specified it.
 *
 */
static void ipc_handle_message(uint8_t *message, int size,
                                uint32_t message_size, uint32_t message_type) {
        LOG("handling message of size %d\n", size);
        LOG("sender specified size %d\n", message_size);
        LOG("sender specified type %d\n", message_type);
        LOG("payload as a string = %s\n", message);

        switch (message_type) {
                case I3_IPC_MESSAGE_TYPE_COMMAND:
                        parse_command(global_conn, (const char*)message);

                        break;
                default:
                        LOG("unhandled ipc message\n");
                        break;
        }
}

/*
 * Handler for activity on a client connection, receives a message from a
 * client.
 *
 * For now, the maximum message size is 2048. I’m not sure for what the
 * IPC interface will be used in the future, thus I’m not implementing a
 * mechanism for arbitrarily long messages, as it seems like overkill
 * at the moment.
 *
 */
static void ipc_receive_message(EV_P_ struct ev_io *w, int revents) {
        char buf[2048];
        int n = read(w->fd, buf, sizeof(buf));

        /* On error or an empty message, we close the connection */
        if (n <= 0) {
#if 0
                /* FIXME: I get these when closing a client socket,
                 * therefore we just treat them as an error. Is this
                 * correct? */
                if (errno == EAGAIN || errno == EWOULDBLOCK)
                        return;
#endif

                /* If not, there was some kind of error. We don’t bother
                 * and close the connection */
                close(w->fd);

                /* Delete the client from the list of clients */
                struct ipc_client *current;
                TAILQ_FOREACH(current, &all_clients, clients) {
                        if (current->fd != w->fd)
                                continue;

                        /* We can call TAILQ_REMOVE because we break out of the
                         * TAILQ_FOREACH afterwards */
                        TAILQ_REMOVE(&all_clients, current, clients);
                        break;
                }

                ev_io_stop(EV_A_ w);

                LOG("IPC: client disconnected\n");
                return;
        }

        /* Terminate the message correctly */
        buf[n] = '\0';

        /* Check if the message starts with the i3 IPC magic code */
        if (n < strlen(I3_IPC_MAGIC)) {
                LOG("IPC: message too short, ignoring\n");
                return;
        }

        if (strncmp(buf, I3_IPC_MAGIC, strlen(I3_IPC_MAGIC)) != 0) {
                LOG("IPC: message does not start with the IPC magic\n");
                return;
        }

        uint8_t *message = (uint8_t*)buf;
        message += strlen(I3_IPC_MAGIC);
        n -= strlen(I3_IPC_MAGIC);

        /* The next 32 bit after the magic are the message size */
        uint32_t message_size = *((uint32_t*)message);
        message += sizeof(uint32_t);
        n -= sizeof(uint32_t);

        /* The last 32 bits of the header are the message type */
        uint32_t message_type = *((uint32_t*)message);
        message += sizeof(uint32_t);
        n -= sizeof(uint32_t);

        ipc_handle_message(message, n, message_size, message_type);
}

/*
 * Handler for activity on the listening socket, meaning that a new client
 * has just connected and we should accept() him. Sets up the event handler
 * for activity on the new connection and inserts the file descriptor into
 * the list of clients.
 *
 */
void ipc_new_client(EV_P_ struct ev_io *w, int revents) {
        struct sockaddr_un peer;
        socklen_t len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_un);
        int client;
        if ((client = accept(w->fd, (struct sockaddr*)&peer, &len)) < 0) {
                if (errno == EINTR)
                        return;
                else perror("accept()");
                return;
        }

        set_nonblock(client);

        struct ev_io *package = calloc(sizeof(struct ev_io), 1);
        ev_io_init(package, ipc_receive_message, client, EV_READ);
        ev_io_start(EV_A_ package);

        LOG("IPC: new client connected\n");

        struct ipc_client *new = calloc(sizeof(struct ipc_client), 1);
        new->fd = client;

        TAILQ_INSERT_TAIL(&all_clients, new, clients);
}

/*
 * Creates the UNIX domain socket at the given path, sets it to non-blocking
 * mode, bind()s and listen()s on it.
 *
 */
int ipc_create_socket(const char *filename) {
        int sockfd;

        /* Unlink the unix domain socket before */
        unlink(filename);

        if ((sockfd = socket(AF_LOCAL, SOCK_STREAM, 0)) < 0) {
                perror("socket()");
                return -1;
        }

        struct sockaddr_un addr;
        memset(&addr, 0, sizeof(struct sockaddr_un));
        addr.sun_family = AF_LOCAL;
        strcpy(addr.sun_path, filename);
        if (bind(sockfd, (struct sockaddr*)&addr, sizeof(struct sockaddr_un)) < 0) {
                perror("bind()");
                return -1;
        }

        set_nonblock(sockfd);

        if (listen(sockfd, 5) < 0) {
                perror("listen()");
                return -1;
        }

        return sockfd;
}

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